Taiwan Yacht ChartersTake Me Back
Officially, Taiwan’s name is the Republic of China (ROC). Not to be confused with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to the east. It is a state in East Asia. Taiwan is southeast of mainland China, south of Japan, and north of the Philippines.
Portuguese sailors discovered an unchartered island and noted it on their maps as “Ilha Formosa” meaning “Beautiful Island” in 1542. The Dutch went on to colonise the south of Formosa. The Spanish tried to occupy the northern part of the country, but the Dutch eventually defeated them.
The Qing Dynasty
The Dutch East India Company set up here in the 17th-century. They called the island “Taoyuan”, because of their name for a nearby Taiwanese aboriginal tribe. The Chinese adopted a similar sounding name for the island, written in the Chinese language. Over the years the term has evolved to be the modern spelling of Taiwan. The first permanent settlement of both European colonists and Chinese immigrants together was in this region.
The Chinese defeated the Dutch to claim the territory at the Siege of Fort Zeelandia. The Siege of 1661–1662 ended the Dutch East India Company’s rule over Taiwan. Thus began the Kingdom of Tungning’s control over the island. Taiwanese scholar Lu Chien-Jung described the siege as “a war that determined the fate of Taiwan in the four hundred years that followed”.
The Chinese Qing dynasty annexed Taiwan in 1683. In 1895, The Qing Dynasty ceded to the Japanese. In 1945, the Japanese surrendered to the Allies, and the ROC took control. Although the ROC tried to claim to be the legitimate government of China, their limited jurisdiction was only of Taiwan and its several outlying islands, including Matsu and Quemoy.